Treatment for HIV/Aids

Medical Care of HIV/AIDS Patients

Human immunodeficiency virus infection / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). During the initial infection a person may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms. As the illness progresses it interferes more and more with the immune system, making people much more likely to get infections, including opportunistic infections, and tumors that do not usually affect people with working immune systems.

HIV is transmitted primarily via unprotected sexual intercourse (including anal and even oral sex), contaminated blood transfusions and hypodermic needles and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding. Some bodily fluids, such as saliva and tears, do not transmit HIV. Prevention of HIV infection, primarily through safe sex and needle-exchange programs, is a key strategy to control the spread of the disease. There is no cure or vaccine; however, antiretroviral treatment can slow the course of the disease and may lead to a near-normal life expectancy. While antiretroviral treatment reduces the risk of death and complications from the disease, these medications are expensive and may be associated with side effects.

Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV is the virus which attacks the T-cells in the immune system, which weakens the immune system of human body. Bacteria, Fungi and Viruses can now make your body sick, as your body is not immune now. In the starting weeks, it can show symptoms of Headache, sore joints and muscles, fever, skin rash or stomach ache.

Treatment for HIV/Aids
Genetic research indicates that HIV originated in west-central Africa during the early twentieth century. AIDS was first recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 1981 and its cause—HIV infection—was identified in the early part of the decade. Since its discovery, AIDS has caused nearly 30 million deaths (as of 2009). As of 2010, approximately 34 million people have contracted HIV globally. AIDS is considered a pandemic—a disease outbreak which is present over a large area and is actively spreading.

HIV/AIDS has had a great impact on society, both as an illness and as a source of discrimination. The disease also has significant economic. There are many misconceptions about HIV/AIDS such as the belief that it can be transmitted by casual non-sexual contact. The disease has also become subject to many controversies involving religion.

The Disease of HIV/AIDS is a curse on the human race for improper use of the gift of sex. In most of the cases, the disease becomes incurable, as the affected person reaches the advanced stage, and thus has no time to repent for his past misdeeds. It is therefore necessary for us to educate and create an awareness of the disease and also explain the circumstances leading one to contact the disease, besides nursing the people affected by the disease. Appreciating such need for awareness, MFCT conducts counselling sessions in the areas prone to such disease, like Slum Areas, labour Naka, truck terminals, hutment dwelling areas, etc. and educate them of the situation leading to such disease and the precautions to be taken there for. Besides counseling, detailed leaflets explaining the cause and effect of the disease are distributed.

Treatment for HIV/Aids
MFCT organizes a massive rally on December 1, each year which is dedicated as “Universal AIDS DAY.” Such Rally is participated by VIPs. Hoardings and Banners are exhibited throughout to create awareness of the disease. An AIDS patient is neglected and abandoned by his family and MFCT gives refuge to such patients by giving shelter and food. AIDS is an incurable killer disease for which no medicine has been discovered as yet. Still MFCT attempts to grant love and affection, besides medical care to the affected patients to minimize their painful sufferings.

AIDS & HIV: Treatment & Prevention :

While 1.1 million Americans currently live with HIV/AIDS, the incurable virus is no longer a quick death sentence and has become a chronic, manageable condition.

First reported in the United States in 1981, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) destroys the body’s ability to fight infections and other life-threatening illnesses, according to the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). The virus that causes AIDS is called HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Symptoms & Complications:
When a person is first exposed to HIV, they may show no symptoms for several months or longer. Typically, however, they experience a flu-like illness that includes fever, chills, headache, fatigue, muscle aches and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck and groin areas.

This early illness is often followed by a “latency” phase where the virus is less active and no symptoms are present, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. This latent period can last up to a decade or more.

As HIV progresses into full-blown AIDS, it severely damages the immune system, causing a wide variety of symptoms such as:

  • Rapid weight loss or “wasting”
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Recurring fevers and night sweats
  • Prolonged gland swelling
  • Prolonged diarrhea
  • Sores in the mouth, genitals or anus
  • Pneumonia
  • Skin blotches
  • Depression, memory loss and other neurological effects

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC), untreated HIV is also linked to serious conditions such as cancer, liver disease, cardiovascular disease and kidney disease.

Diagnosis & Tests:
Since HIV/AIDS can set off so many other illnesses, it may be difficult initially to pinpoint the source. Typically, however, these illnesses appear in clusters over a short period of time, cluing patients and doctors into the presence of the virus.

According to NIAID, two types of blood tests can confirm HIV/AIDS infection:
• ELISA, or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, which detects disease-fighting proteins called antibodies that are specific to HIV; and
• Western blot, which detects antibodies that bind to specific HIV proteins

After someone is first infected it may take weeks or months for the immune system to produce enough detectable antibodies in an HIV blood test. Ironically, an infected person’s viral load may be very high during this time, making the infection exceptionally contagious.

Because of this, the CDC recommends routine HIV testing for all adolescents, adults and pregnant women, and advises that everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 should be tested at least once.

Conventional HIV/AIDS tests are sent to a laboratory for analysis and may take a week or more for results. A rapid HIV test is also available that offers results in about 20 minutes, but positive results from either type of test are confirmed with a second test.

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